SPINAL CORD DISORDER – TYPES, SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES

SPINAL CORD DISORDER – TYPES, SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES

Spinal cord disorder is a disability that causes some kind of damage to the spinal cord or the central nerves system. Our back bone is made with hard material as it has to keep the spinal cord safe inside. This is the reason that most of the time; it saves our spinal cord even if we receive a serious injury at our back. In adults and young people, spinal cord injury isn’t that common until they meet some kind of accident but in older people, it’s a usual disorder as bones get weak with age and the kind of injuries one used to bear at his young age can’t bear once he has crossed 40.

Types of spinal cord disorder:

  1. Spinal cord injury:
    Most of the time, when a person meets an accident of either type and he fractures some of his bones, there are chances that his spinal cord is also somehow damaged in the accident. Sometimes the back starts paining which tells the patient that there is a problem in his spinal cord but there are some cases in which an injured person recovered completely and them he experienced spinal cord problem.
  2. Paralysis:
    This is the most serious type of injury related to spinal cord and in this situation; a person loses the ability to move parts of his body. This only happens when the spinal cord is severely damaged or it was a minor injury but it wasn’t treated in the way it should have. Once a person loses this ability, he can’t walk or move again in his life because there is no way to replace or recover a damaged spinal cord.
  3. Paraplegia:
    This resembles to paralysis but in this type of disorder, the patient only loses the ability to move his legs, feet and other lower body parts. At the same time when he can’t move his legs, his other body parts function normally including arms, fingers, hands and neck. This disability is also not curable and once a person is affected, he can’t walk again his life.
  4. Spinal stenosis:
    This is a minor disability and in most of the cases, when it’s diagnoses at early stages, it can be treated. In this type of disorder, the spacing between the spines is decreased and as a result, the spinal cord can’t function properly. A person having stenosis usually experiences pain in his legs, shoulders and neck.

Here are some common symptoms of spinal cord disorder:

  • Having pain in joints such as legs, knees and arms
  • Pains in body parts especially legs and shoulders
  • Losing control of bladder and urinating more than normal
  • Having problems in breathing even outside in open areas
  • Constipation
  • Numbness
  • Feeling week and can’t keep balance while standing or walking

What causes spinal cord disorder?

There are no more elements that cause spinal cord disorder other than having some kind of injury or damage to the spinal cord. It can be because of many things including an accident, a fall, gunshot injury or receiving a big bump on the back. Spinal cord is covered in very hard and strong bone structure and most of the time, it can bear very severe shocks but it’s not metal or rock so eventually it breaks and damages the inner cord which causes number of disorders. A 2019 medicare advantage plan is a good choice for your coverage.